maksyuki 发表于 oj 分类,标签:

Burn the Linked Camp

It is well known that, in the period of The Three Empires, Liu Bei, the emperor of the Shu Empire, was defeated by Lu Xun, a general of the Wu Empire. The defeat was due to Liu Bei's wrong decision that he divided his large troops into a number of camps, each of which had a group of armies, and located them in a line. This was the so-called "Linked Camps".

Let's go back to that time. Lu Xun had sent many scouts to obtain the information about his enemy. From his scouts, he knew that Liu Bei had divided his troops into n camps, all of which located in a line, labeled by 1..n from left to right. The ith camp had a maximum capacity of Ci soldiers. Furthermore, by observing the activities Liu Bei's troops had been doing those days, Lu Xun could estimate the least total number of soldiers that were lived in from the ith to the jth camp. Finally, Lu Xun must estimate at least how many soldiers did Liu Bei had, so that he could decide how many troops he should send to burn Liu Bei's Linked Camps.


There are multiple test cases! On the first line of each test case, there are two integers n (0<n<=1,000) and m (0<=m<=10,000). On the second line, there are n integers C1��Cn. Then m lines follow, each line has three integers i, j, k (0<i<=j<=n, 0<=k<2^31), meaning that the total number of soldiers from the ith camp to the jth camp is at least k.


For each test case, output one integer in a single line: the least number of all soldiers in Liu Bei's army from Lu Xun's observation. However, Lu Xun's estimations given in the input data may be very unprecise. If his estimations cannot be true, output "Bad Estimations" in a single line instead.

Sample Input:

3 2

1000 2000 1000

1 2 1100

2 3 1300

3 1

100 200 300

2 3 600

Sample Output:


Bad Estimations



算法分析:设每个军营人数为Ai,前i个军营总人数为Si。则由0 <= Ai <= Ci可以列出两个差分方程组。然后由Ki <= Aj - Ai-1 <= Dj - Di-1可以再列出两个方程组。最后由方程组构建有向图。本题最后要求的是Sn - S0的最小值,即Sn - S0 >= val。可以转换成求解S0 - Sn <= -val,也就是从顶点n到0的最短路相反数